Robusta and Arabica

Arabica and Robusta beans are 2 different species of our beloved coffee, but they are the two most commonly cultivated beans for coffee consumption.
Arabica coffee beans are more oval and flat in shape, and pack a sweeter, lighter, smoother taste. They also have more oils in the beans themselves, so they can pack more fruity, zesty, sweet flavors. Arabica beans accound for about 75% of all the coffee on the market, and are typically more expensive to purchase.
Robusta beans are slightly smaller and rounder in shape, and pack a stronger, bitter, powerful taste. Since they have less oils, they often have more natural, earthy, heavier flavors. They account for 25% of coffee on the market, and are often less expensive than Arabica beans.
Arabica is widely considered the most popular coffee among most drinkers, mainly because the smoother, softer, lighter taste is easier for more people to enjoy. Latin America, specifically Brazil, is currently the largest producers of Arabica coffee with Vietnam leading the way in Robusta coffee.
Robusta beans are lesser known and consumed than Arabica beans due to their more bitter taste. They are grown at a lower altitude, and are commonly grown in the Eastern hemisphere, in places like Africa, Indonesia, and Vietnam, Vietnam being the highest producer of the plants.

Robusta beans contain more caffeine than the Arabica beans. Robusta beans contain 2.7% caffeine content. Contrast that with the 1.5% caffeine content found in Arabica beans and you’ll see why Robusta, with almost double the caffeine content, is tailor-made for those who love a hearty boost of caffeine in the morning.

However, caffeine content isn’t the only difference. Arabica beans contain 60% more lipids and almost double the amount of natural sugars when compared to Robusta. This can definitely impact the taste of the coffee, but we will talk about that later.

Many know that coffee contains many healthy antioxidants, but not many know that the amount of antioxidants vary between coffee species. For example, Robusta beans contain 7 to 10% Chlorogenic acid but Arabica beans only have about 5.5 to 8% CGA.

Now, what do you prefer, Arabica or Robusta or both?

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